There are a number of types and classes of drugs available for the management and treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension).Your doctor also may recommend other therapies and lifestyle changes like getting more exercise, managing stress, and eating a healthy diet. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are blood pressure medications that inhibit the activity of the enzyme angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), which is important for controlling blood pressure. ACE inhibitors are medications that inhibit the activity of ACE which decreases the production of angiotensin II. As a result, these medications cause the blood vessels to enlarge or dilate, and this reduces blood pressure. This lower blood pressure makes it easier for the heart to pump blood and can improve the function of a failing heart. Blood pressure is generated by the heart pumping blood into the arteries modified by the response of the arteries to the flow of blood. An individual’s blood pressure is expressed as systolic/diastolic blood pressure, for example, 120/80. Blood pressures over 130/80 are considered high. High blood pressure increases the risk of damaging the arteries, which leads to the development of Heart disease ,Kidney disease ,Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis) ,Eye damage ,Stroke.
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